In Tehran some soldiers, horsemen, and Cossacks in Bagh-e Shah against Majlis Shoura Meli(national parliament) for fearing to muslims, they gathered. They are ready for killing, scaring Muslims and the destruction of sacred constitution which are in favor of the Sharia law. What is Sharia order for these people and their leaders?
Maybe between them a Muslim doesn’t have awareness about Islamic law, do you want us to rescue them from ignorance? Your order will be obeyed.
—Request for Fatwa of Isfahanian Hojat al Islams (Mojtahedins), by Isfahan Association, central Azerbaijan, south and other associations and press offices.
Nazem al-Islam, Kermani. Tarikh-e Bidari (The History of Iranian Awakening). Tehran: Agah & Lowh, 1978. Page 556. Print.
Editor’s Note: In June 1908, Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar and the Cossack Brigade bombed the Iranian parliament initiating a civil war which ended with the taking of Tehran by constitutionalist’s volunteer forces, loosely termed, “mujahidin,” in 1909. This term which has religious connotations applied to all revolutionaries regardless of their worldview including secular factions who regularly criticized the Islamic clergy for holding the country and society back from western progress. Today, the term has very different connotations having been formalized by opposition groups. The revolutionaries who came to the defense of the parliament at this time in 1908 had little arms to distribute amongst themselves including mostly knives and sticks and few rifles against the Russian canon used by the Cossack Brigade.